Demand for hydrogen in aviation fuels in the Netherlands

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For: Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management, Department of Aviation

[September – November 2022]

July 2021 the European Commission presented a proposal for a regulation that would set mandatory targets for the deployment of renewable fuels in the european Transport sector, known as ‘ReFuelEU Aviation’. Aimed to be implemented as of 2025, the regulation will determine that sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) are blended with conventional kerosene for all flights departing from EU airports. Blending percentages will increase on 5-year intervals, starting from 2025, up to 2050. In 2030 at least 5% of all supplied fuel needs to be SAF, of which at least 0.7% a renewable kerosene of non-biological origin (e-SAF). This regulation aims to stimulate innovation towards sustainable energy and build trust for investors and market partijes to scale up (e-)SAF production.

Even before this ReFuelEU Aviartion proposal was announced, the Netherlands published, in 2020 the ‘Luchtvaartnota in whihc higher ambitions have been formulated for the Dutch aviation sector: a share of 14% SAF in 2030. Together with the multiplier factor for deployment in aviation, introduced int he 2018 Renewable Energy Directive, this als is a supportive instrument for the production and deployment of SAF.

As a result one can now see various announcements for building new SAF production facilities, in Netherlands as well as elsewhere in and outside Europe.

The refining of SAF requires significant volumes of hydrogeen. Also the production of e-SAF required renewable hydrogen, produced from renewable electricity (via electrolysis) and CO2-sources. The refining of bio-resources to SAF also requires hydrogen, currently most of that is still fossil based hydrogen, but in the coming future this needs to shift to renewable hydrogen as well.

Next to the shift to renewable fuels, developments in aircraft design take place as well, and technology development will bring direct-hydrogen use in fuel cell airplanes to market level. This will also impact the demand for renewable hydrogen even further..

In this context The Netherlands Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management has asked studio Gear Up to sketch the potential future demand (2030, 2050) for hydrogen, both for direct and indirect (in fuels) for the Netherlands aviation sector om de te verwachten toekomstige vraag naar waterstof, zowel voor direct als indirect gebruik, door de luchtvaartsector richting 2030 en 2050 in kaart te brengen.

This project is still in execution phase. A final report will be published once authorisation for publication is received by the Ministry


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